Movie Theaters of Beyoğlu: A Historical Lookout

Cinema can be assumed as a logbook of social status and changes. Also it’s a reflector of social life, development in terms of modernization and urban life practices. Movies transfers values, role models, cases and chances which are occuring in time through the stories. In a way, when they are combined with the spaces that we called as movie theaters they became a concrete memory text in their existing environment. These places can be perceived as a compenent which allows us to read time, space, place, modernity and development notions in their context.

Cinema halls have been the places of cultural activity visited by Turkish audiences for a long period. Watching movies in the cinema hall has it’s own atmosphere and different culture that it constituted. The audience must go to cinema to watch movie, so people started to go outside. This has changed the situation and take the life out to the street level. It seems like an ordinary act in today’s dynamics but in 1900’s it was seen as a special activity, social interaction tool and even an event that people take care about their dressings before they participate. Also, cinema halls was the places that removes bottom-top separation and moreover the hiding places that allow people to detach themselves from society and troubles of outside world during the movie time. In these halls, according to it’s period; singers performed at some special nights or movies made their premiere. These above turned the cinema halls into the pioneer places of entertainment which contains various event/activities inside it.

Urban Spatial Memory Diminished Under Standardization – Case of İstiklal Street

Cities are living organisms that are being formed up over time. They develop some unique schematics in tandem with the layout of the elements that they contain, formation of spaces and the routines which consist from daily life practices. Moreover, cities in the recent world, are constructing the characteristics of modernity/postmodernity, being one of the elements of central form of globalization. Especially in large metropolises –like Istanbul-, global and local axis and the tension between these dominant features form the main spine of the power relations that are shaped. They create a multi-dimensional network of relationships, in urban life where we experience things in economic, political and cultural sense in which they are spreaded and reproduced again and gain. (Aytaç, 2017) In this article, urban spatial standardization and stereotypification will be argued and criticised within the context of spatial memory, public sphere and urban transformation as mainly focusing on squares and public spaces.